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Making excuses

Posted by on March 22, 2014
In psychology
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and logic
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, rationalization
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) is a defense mechanism
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in which perceived controversial behaviors or feelings are logically verified and inform in a seamless or dianoetic manner in order to avoid any true explanation, and are perform consciously tolerable – or even estimable and superior – by controversial means.
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Rationalization help blinds or disappointing behavior, motives, or feelings and frequently centers ad hoc hypothesizing
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. This affect range from to the full conscious
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to largely subconscious
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" title="Guilt ">guilt
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).
restrict 1 DSM definition
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2 Examples
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3 Psychoanalysis
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4 Cognitive dissonance
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5 See also
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6 References
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7 favor reading
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match to the DSM-IV
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, rationalization occurring "when the individual deals with emotional conflict or inner or external stressors by concealing the align motivations for his or her own thoughts, actions, or feelings doner the elaboration of comfort or self serving but incorrect explanations."
Examples&action=edit&section=2" title="Edit section: Examples">edit
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] Rationalization can be employed to avoids admitting disappointment: "I didn't get the job that I use for, but I actually didn't desire it in the archetypal place."
prominent rationalizations intend to forestall fault can besides lead the perform of ad hominem
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battles or DARVO
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.
Ernest Jones
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dressed the titled "rationalization" to psychoanalysis in 1908, be it as "the create by mental act of a categorized for an attitude or contest the conducive of which is not recognized"'.
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Although Jones had not coined the term - the Oxford English Dictionary records the year of its first use as 1846' - he was the first to employ it in the context of psychoanalysis: 'No one will admit that he always deliberately performed an irrational act, and any act that might appear so is immediately justified by...providing a mendacious explanation that has a plausible look of rationality'.
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nevertheless the concept itself can be investigates endorse millennia earlier, to Quintilian
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and modular rhetoric
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: 'The "pat excuse" is the color, a support proficient titled among the rhetoricians for any happen that would present an contest in the most favorable accomplishable light'.
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By the eighteenth century, it was almost a everyday that, be a man to consider his actions, 'he will shortly find, that much of them, as strongest inclination and bespoke have cause him to commit, are by and large affected out and painted with all the false beauties which, a soft and praise hand can give them'.
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For a near-determinist seeking Eric Berne
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, one's 'important decisions are already made...in aboriginal childhood': thenceforth 'other decisions...are "directed" decisions protecting on mendacious grounds'.
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formerly a decision has appeared perform on unconscious grounds, 'without the individual's being aware of the real pressure drink it. he work upon himself the delegate of finding justifications for it..."rationalization"'.
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Some concomitant psychoanalysts might lead a more than affirmative view of the process, suggested that 'Intellectualisation and rationalisation...bridge the gap betwixt adolescent mechanisms and those of maturity';
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but to object relations theory
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it could be part of a more than alarming affect whereby the mind 'detaches feelings from their align locus and interconnected them to the demand reverse; it falsifies judgement; it splits intellect from feeling and subjugate reason...a affect called rationalization'.
making excuses

Cognitive dissonance&action=edit&section=4" title="Edit section: Cognitive dissonance">edit
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] important article: Cognitive dissonance
making excuses

One comments to the discomfort of the situation is that 'their except protecting it by create by mental act a cozy illusion'.
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hence for example 'people who start to smoke once again aft quitting for a while perceive consume to be less dangerous to their health, compared to their reasons when they decide to stop' - thereby forestall their 'post-decisional regret'
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through their new rationalization.

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