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Oxytocin

Posted by on March 22, 2014
oxytocin /
oxytocin
ˌ
oxytocin
ɒ
oxytocin
k
oxytocin
s
oxytocin
ɨ
oxytocin
ˈ
oxytocin
t
oxytocin
oxytocin
s
oxytocin
ɪ
oxytocin
n
oxytocin
/
oxytocin
is a mammalian
oxytocin
neurohypophysial hormone
oxytocin
, , that acts chiefly as a neuromodulator
oxytocin
in the brain
oxytocin
.
revolutionary analyse keep get down to research oxytocin's role in antithetic behaviors, include orgasm
oxytocin
, social recognition
oxytocin
, pair bonding
oxytocin
, anxiety
oxytocin
, and maternalistic behaviors.
oxytocin
For this reason, it is sometimes think of to as the "bonding hormone". At that place is any certified that oxytocin improved ethnocentric
oxytocin
behavior, integrated the relied and empathy of in-groups
oxytocin
with their suspicion and rejection of outsiders.
oxytocin
Furthermore, ancestral differences in the oxytocin receptor
oxytocin
gene keep appeared think with dysfunctional societal traits much as battleful behaviour.
oxytocin

Discovery
The cardinal aminic harsh evaluate of oxytocin was clarify by Vincent du Vigneaud
oxytocin
et al. and by Tuppy in 1953
oxytocin
and integrated biochemically shortly aft by du Vigneaud et al. in 1953.
oxytocin
oxytocin
oxytocin was the archetypal polypeptide hormone to be sequences and synthesized.
oxytocin

organize and relation to vasopressin
The biologically about perform of oxytocin, ordinarily decide by RIA
oxytocin
and/or HPLC
oxytocin
techniques, is besides characterized as the octapeptide "oxytocin disulfide" , but oxytocin besides existing as a decrease dithiol nonapeptide label oxytoceine.
oxytocin
It has appeared theorized that opening arrange oxytoceine may besides act as a free radical
oxytocin
scavenger ; oxytoceine may sometime be improved endorse to oxytocin via the redox latent of dehydroascorbate
oxytocin
<---> ascorbate
oxytocin
.
oxytocin

oxytocin
oxytocin
oxytocin shores to its carrier protein neurophysin
oxytocin and vasopressin are the single characterized hormones let go of by the human posterior pituitary gland
oxytocin
to act at a distance. However, oxytocin neurons forms variant peptides, include corticotropin-releasing hormone
oxytocin
and dynorphin
oxytocin
, for example, that act locally. The magnocellular neurosecretory cells
oxytocin
that forms oxytocin are closer to magnocellular neurosecretory cells that forms vasopressin. These are ample neuroendocrine neurons which are high-keyed and can perform contest potentials.
oxytocin has marginal actions, and besides has contest in the brain. Its contest are bargain by specific, high-affinity oxytocin receptors
oxytocin
. The oxytocin receptor is a G-protein-coupled receptor
oxytocin
that need Mg
oxytocin
2+ and cholesterol
oxytocin
. It be to the rhodopsin
oxytocin
-type groups of G-protein-coupled receptors.
Peripheral actions actions">edit
oxytocin
]
oxytocin exude from the pituitary gland
oxytocin
cannot re-enter the single because of the blood–brain barrier
oxytocin
. Instead, the behavioural perform of oxytocin are think to reflect sacrifice from centrally projecting oxytocin neurons, different from those that covenant to the pituitary gland, or that are collaterals from them.
oxytocin
oxytocin receptors are meant by neurons in galore move of the single and spinal cord, include the amygdala, ventromedial hypothalamus
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, septum
oxytocin
, nucleus accumbens
oxytocin
, and brainstem
oxytocin
.
Sexual arousal: oxytocin oversaw into the cerebrospinal fluid
oxytocin
perform intuitive erections
oxytocin
in rats,
oxytocin
reflecting actions in the hypothalamus and spinal cord. Centrally administered oxytocin receptor antagonists can prevent noncontact erections, which is a measure of sexual arousal. analyse use oxytocin antagonists in egg-producing defect giving data that oxytocin increases lordosis behavior
oxytocin
, tell an added in sexual receptivity.
oxytocin
Bonding: In the prairie vole
oxytocin
, oxytocin released into the single of the female during sexual activity is central for forming a monogamous pair stick with her sexual partner. Vasopressin appears to keep a akin perform in males.
oxytocin
Oxytocin has a role in social behaviors in many species, so it probably also perform in humans. In a 2003 study, both humans and dog oxytocin aim in the blood moving aft cardinal to 24 minutes of a caress session. This possibly plays a role in the affective bonding between humans and dogs.
oxytocin
Maternal behavior
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: Egg-producing defect computerized oxytocin antagonists
oxytocin
aft powering outputs do not exhibited emblematic maternalistic behavior.
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By contrast, recent egg-producing sheep display maternalistic behavior toward abroad give birth upon cerebrospinal fluid
oxytocin
infusion of oxytocin, which they would not do otherwise.
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oxytocin is refer in the initiation of maternal behavior, not its maintenance; for example, it is advanced in mother after they meet with antic children instead than their own.
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medicate interactions: match to any analyse in animals, oxytocin inhibits the development of tolerance to antithetic habit-forming medicate , and slowing withdrawal
oxytocin
symptoms.
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MDMA
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may added feelings of love, empathy, and connection to others by affect oxytocin activity via activation of serotonin
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5-HT1A receptors
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, if initials analyse in animals use to humans.
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The anxiolytic
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Buspar
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besides been to outputs any or all of its perform via 5-HT1A receptor-induced oxytocin stimulation.
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Preparing foetal neurons for delivery: cycle the placenta, maternalistic oxytocin reaches the foetal single and perform a change by reversal in the action of neurotransmitter GABA
oxytocin
from stimulative to inhibitory on foetal cortical neurons. This silence the foetal brain for the period of delivery and reduces its vulnerability to hypoxic damage
oxytocin
.
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romanticist attachment: In any studies, advanced aim of plasma
oxytocin
oxytocin keep been mismatched with romanticist attachment. For example, if a couple is divide for a long period of time, anxiety can added due to the lack of physical affection. oxytocin may aid romantically attached united by decreasing their feelings of anxiety when they are separated.
oxytocin
medicate manufactured
oversaw oxytocin analogues are employed for labor induction
oxytocin
and to help fight in inspect of harder parturition. It has mostly replace ergometrine
oxytocin
as the halfway agent to added uterine disclose in subacute postpartum hemorrhage
oxytocin
. oxytocin is besides employed in veterinary medicine
oxytocin
to support outputs and to inspired draw release. The tocolytic
oxytocin
agent atosiban
oxytocin
acts as an antagonist of oxytocin receptors; this drug is registered in galore countries to suppress premature labor betwixt 24 and 33 weeks of gestation. It has less side effects than drugs previously employed for this slate .
oxytocin is comparatively fail-safe when employed at advocating doses, and sides perform are uncommon.
oxytocin
The following maternalistic events
oxytocin
keep appeared reported:
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Subarachnoid hemorrhage
oxytocin
Increased heart rate
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Decreased daub pressure
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Cardiac arrhythmia
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and premature ventricular contraction
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dress uterine daub move Pelvic hematoma
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Afibrinogenonemia
oxytocin
, which can stolen to exhausted and death Anaphylaxis
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Nausea
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and vomiting
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Change magnitude uterine motility has led to the following complications in the fetus/neonate:
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Decreased heart rate
oxytocin
or heart sequenced decelerations Cardiac arrhythmia Brain damage
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Seizures Death Synthesis, storage, and sacrifice oxytocin/neurophysin I prepropeptide Identifiers Symbols
oxytocin
OXT
oxytocin
; OT; OT-NPI; OXT-NPI outer IDs OMIM
oxytocin
167050
oxytocin
MGI
oxytocin
97453
oxytocin
HomoloGene
oxytocin
55494
oxytocin
GeneCards
oxytocin
: OXT Gene
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Gene Ontology
oxytocin
Molecular services • neurohypophyseal hormone activity
oxytocin
oxytocin receptor binding
oxytocin
Cellular component • extracellular region
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extracellular space
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secretory granule
oxytocin
terminal bouton
oxytocin
biologic affect • response to amphetamine
oxytocin
regulation of heart rate
oxytocin
maternal battleful behavior
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signal transduction
oxytocin
elevation of cytosolic calcium ion concentration
oxytocin
heart development
oxytocin
female pregnancy
oxytocin
memory
oxytocin
grooming behavior
oxytocin
response to sucrose stimulus
oxytocin
positive modular of norepinephrine secretion
oxytocin
response to activity
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sleep
oxytocin
positive modular of prostaglandin secretion
oxytocin
response to estradiol stimulus
oxytocin
response to retinoic acid
oxytocin
response to progesterone stimulus
oxytocin
response to prostaglandin E stimulus
oxytocin
social behavior
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negative modular of urine volume
oxytocin
positive modular of nephritic sodium excretion
oxytocin
response to cocaine
oxytocin
hyperosmotic salinity response
oxytocin
maternal behavior
oxytocin
sperm ejaculation
oxytocin
eating behavior
oxytocin
drinking behavior
oxytocin
response to peptide hormone stimulus
oxytocin
response to ether
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negative modular of daub pressure
oxytocin
positive modular of daub pressure
oxytocin
positive modular of ossification
oxytocin
positive modular of egg-producing receptivity
oxytocin
positive modular of synaptic transmission
oxytocin
response to glucocorticoid stimulus
oxytocin
response to cAMP
oxytocin
response to electric stimulus
oxytocin
regulation of afferent perception of pain
oxytocin
positive modular of synapse assembly
oxytocin
male united behavior
oxytocin
positive modular of penial erection
oxytocin
positive modular of hindgut contraction
oxytocin
negative modular of stomachic harsh secretion
oxytocin
positive modular of uterine sand cycle contraction
oxytocin
Sources: Amigo
oxytocin
/ QuickGO
oxytocin
Orthologs Species Human walk Entrez
oxytocin
5020
oxytocin
18429
oxytocin
Ensembl
oxytocin
ENSG00000101405
oxytocin
ENSMUSG00000027301
oxytocin
UniProt
oxytocin
P01178
oxytocin
P35454
oxytocin
RefSeq NM_000915
oxytocin
NM_011025
oxytocin
RefSeq NP_000906
oxytocin
NP_035155
oxytocin
Location Chr 20: 3.05 – 3.05 Mb
oxytocin
Chr 2: 130.58 – 130.58 Mb
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PubMed
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fish
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oxytocin
This box: view
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talk
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edit
oxytocin

The activity of the PAM enzyme system is babelike upon vitamin C
oxytocin
, which is a necessary vitamin cofactor. By chance, sodium ascorbate by itself was open to inspired the production of oxytocin from ovarian create from raw material finished a crops of concentrations in a dose-dependent manner.
oxytocin
galore of the aforesaid create from raw material where PAM is found are besides characterized to have advanced concentrations of vitamin C.
oxytocin

nervous obtain
In the pituitary gland
oxytocin
, oxytocin is encase in large, dense-core vesicles, where it is shores to neurophysin I
oxytocin
as show in the plugged of the figure; neurophysin is a ample peptide
oxytocin
interrupts of the ample precursor protein
oxytocin
molecule from which oxytocin is derives by enzymatic
oxytocin
cleavage.
outdoors the brain, oxytocin-containing cells keep appeared distinguished in any antithetic tissues, include the corpus luteum
oxytocin
,
oxytocin
oxytocin
the interstitial cells of Leydig
oxytocin
,
oxytocin
the retina,
oxytocin
the adrenal medulla,
oxytocin
the placenta,
oxytocin
the thymus
oxytocin
and the pancreas.
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The finding of significant amounting of this classically "neurohypophysial" hormone outdoors the principal neural system raises many questions think its possible importance in these other tissues.
Egg-producing
The Leydig cells
oxytocin
in any species have besides appeared shown to exhibited the biosynthetic machinery to manufacture testicular oxytocin de novo, to be specific, in defect , and in guinea pigs, which, seeking humans, entailed an exogenic source of vitamin C in their diets.
oxytocin

Evolution
The two genes are permit to prove from a gene duplication
oxytocin
event; the genetic gene is reason to be around 500 cardinal years old and is open in cyclostomata
oxytocin
.
oxytocin

Role of oxytocin in feared and Anxiety Response
There is a consensus that oxytocin has a modulatory perform on feared and anxiety; that is, oxytocin does not heterosexual make feared or anxiety.
oxytocin
At that place are two ascendant theories explaining the role oxytocin playing in fear and anxiety. One theory states that oxytocin change magnitude approach/avoidance to certain social stimuli. The second theory states that oxytocin change magnitude the salience of certain social stimuli, make the physical or human to pay closer attention to socially relevant stimuli.
oxytocin

To make the role of oxytocin even more than complex, it has been shown that oxytocin differentially affects males and females. Females who are administered oxytocin are widespread fastest in responding to socially relevant stimuli than males who conventional oxytocin.
oxytocin
oxytocin
Additionally, aft the administration of oxytocin, females show change magnitude amygdala activity in response to threatening scenes; however, males do not show change magnitude amygdala activation. This phenomenon can be explained by look at the role of gonadal hormones
oxytocin
, specifically estrogen
oxytocin
, which vie the accelerate threat disturbs perceive in females. Estrogen has appeared show to stimulate the sacrifice of oxytocin from the hypothalamus
oxytocin
and further receptor valid in the amygdala.
oxytocin

perform of oxytocin in foreseeable and aleatory Stimuli
oxytocin is preferential because it can either enhance societal stick or further antiaircraft behaviors be on the situation.
oxytocin
It would not be adaptive if oxytocin consistently enhanced social approach and variant prosocial behaviors, especially in ambivalent and potentially hazardous social contexts. Fear and anxiety are typically think to be maladaptive, as these traits often underlie antithetic psychological disorders
oxytocin
. However, it is important to answer that any fear and anxiety responses encouraging to protect an individual. These emotions forms environmental inform more important, leading to a greater likelihood the idiosyncratic or animal will acknowledge the latent threat. Ultimately this process leads to a greater chance of survival.
See besides Carbetocin
oxytocin
Demoxytocin
oxytocin
Sexual motivation and hormones
oxytocin
Vasopressin
oxytocin
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oxytocin
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Endocrine system
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oxytocin
Peptide hormones
oxytocin
Steroid hormones
oxytocin
Endocrine glands
oxytocin
Hypothalamic- pituitary
oxytocin
Hypothalamus
oxytocin
GnRH
oxytocin
TRH
oxytocin
Dopamine
oxytocin
CRH
oxytocin
GHRH
oxytocin
/Somatostatin
oxytocin
Melanin change state hormone
oxytocin
Posterior pituitary
oxytocin
Vasopressin
oxytocin
oxytocin Anterior pituitary
oxytocin
α
oxytocin
FSH
oxytocin
FSHB
oxytocin
LH
oxytocin
LHB
oxytocin
TSH
oxytocin
TSHB
oxytocin
CGA
oxytocin
Prolactin
oxytocin
POMC
oxytocin
CLIP
oxytocin
ACTH
oxytocin
MSH
oxytocin
Endorphins
oxytocin
Lipotropin
oxytocin
GH
oxytocin
Adrenal axis
oxytocin
Adrenal cortex
oxytocin
: aldosterone
oxytocin
cortisol
oxytocin
DHEA
oxytocin
Adrenal medulla
oxytocin
: epinephrine
oxytocin
norepinephrine
oxytocin
Thyroid axis
oxytocin
Thyroid
oxytocin
: thyroid hormone
oxytocin
T3
oxytocin
and T4
oxytocin
calcitonin
oxytocin
Parathyroid
oxytocin
: PTH
oxytocin
Gonadal axis
oxytocin
Testis
oxytocin
:: testosterone
oxytocin
AMH
oxytocin
inhibin
oxytocin
Ovary
oxytocin
: estradiol
oxytocin
progesterone
oxytocin
activin and inhibin
oxytocin
relaxin
oxytocin
Placenta
oxytocin
: hCG
oxytocin
HPL
oxytocin
estrogen
oxytocin
progesterone
oxytocin
Islet-Acinar Axis Pancreas
oxytocin
: glucagon
oxytocin
insulin
oxytocin
amylin
oxytocin
somatostatin
oxytocin
pancreatic polypeptide
oxytocin
Pineal gland Pineal gland
oxytocin
: melatonin
oxytocin
variant glands Thymus
oxytocin
: Thymosins
oxytocin
Thymosin α1
oxytocin
Beta thymosins
oxytocin
Thymopoietin
oxytocin
Thymulin
oxytocin
Digestive system
oxytocin
: Stomach
oxytocin
: gastrin
oxytocin
ghrelin
oxytocin
Duodenum
oxytocin
: CCK
oxytocin
Incretins
oxytocin
GIP
oxytocin
GLP-1
oxytocin
secretin
oxytocin
motilin
oxytocin
VIP
oxytocin
Ileum
oxytocin
: enteroglucagon
oxytocin
peptide YY
oxytocin
Liver
oxytocin
/other Insulin-like growth factor
oxytocin
IGF-1
oxytocin
IGF-2
oxytocin
Adipose tissue
oxytocin
: leptin
oxytocin
adiponectin
oxytocin
resistin
oxytocin
Skeleton
oxytocin
:: Osteocalcin
oxytocin
Kidney
oxytocin
: JGA
oxytocin
peritubular cells EPO
oxytocin
calcitriol
oxytocin
prostaglandin
oxytocin
Heart
oxytocin
: Natriuretic peptide
oxytocin
ANP
oxytocin
BNP
oxytocin

anat
oxytocin
/phys
oxytocin
/devp
oxytocin
/horm
oxytocin

proc
oxytocin
, drug
oxytocin

v
oxytocin
t
oxytocin
e
oxytocin
Anxiolytics
oxytocin
GABAA
oxytocin
PAMs
oxytocin
non-N05B
oxytocin
Alcohols
oxytocin
, Ethchlorvynol
oxytocin
, Methylpentynol
oxytocin
) Chlormezanone
oxytocin
Etifoxine
oxytocin
Inhalants
oxytocin
Kavalactones
oxytocin
Skullcap
oxytocin
Valerenic acid
oxytocin
" title="Valerian ">Valerian
oxytocin
) Benzodiazepine
oxytocin
Adinazolam
oxytocin
Alprazolam
oxytocin
Bretazenil
oxytocin
Bromazepam
oxytocin
Camazepam
oxytocin
Chlordiazepoxide
oxytocin
Clobazam
oxytocin
Clonazepam
oxytocin
Clorazepate
oxytocin
Clotiazepam
oxytocin
Cloxazolam
oxytocin
Diazepam
oxytocin
# Ethyl Loflazepate
oxytocin
Etizolam
oxytocin
Fludiazepam
oxytocin
Halazepam
oxytocin
Imidazenil
oxytocin
Ketazolam
oxytocin
Lorazepam
oxytocin
# Medazepam
oxytocin
Nordazepam
oxytocin
Oxazepam
oxytocin
Pinazepam
oxytocin
Prazepam
oxytocin
Carbamates
oxytocin
Difebarbamate
oxytocin
Emylcamate
oxytocin
Febarbamate
oxytocin
Mebutamate
oxytocin
Meprobamate
oxytocin
Phenprobamate
oxytocin
Procymate
oxytocin
Nonbenzodiazepines
oxytocin
Abecarnil
oxytocin
Adipiplon
oxytocin
Alpidem
oxytocin
CGS-8216
oxytocin
CGS-9896
oxytocin
CGS-13767
oxytocin
CGS-20625
oxytocin
Divaplon
oxytocin
ELB-139
oxytocin
Fasiplon
oxytocin
GBLD-345
oxytocin
Gedocarnil
oxytocin
L-838,417
oxytocin
NS-2664
oxytocin
NS-2710
oxytocin
Ocinaplon
oxytocin
Pagoclone
oxytocin
Panadiplon
oxytocin
Pipequaline
oxytocin
RWJ-51204
oxytocin
SB-205,384
oxytocin
SL-651,498
oxytocin
Taniplon
oxytocin
TP-003
oxytocin
TP-13
oxytocin
TPA-023
oxytocin
Y-23684
oxytocin
ZK-93423
oxytocin
Pyrazolopyridines
oxytocin
Cartazolate
oxytocin
Etazolate
oxytocin
ICI-190,622
oxytocin
Tracazolate
oxytocin
α2δ VDCC
oxytocin
Blockers
oxytocin
Atagabalin
oxytocin
Gabapentin
oxytocin
Imagabalin
oxytocin
PD-217,014
oxytocin
Pregabalin
oxytocin
4-methylpregabalin
oxytocin
5-HT1A
oxytocin
Agonists
oxytocin
Azapirones: Buspirone
oxytocin
Gepirone
oxytocin
Tandospirone
oxytocin
; Others: Flesinoxan
oxytocin
Naluzotan
oxytocin
Oxaflozane
oxytocin
H1 Antagonists
oxytocin
Diphenylmethanes: Captodiame
oxytocin
Hydroxyzine
oxytocin
; Others: Brompheniramine
oxytocin
Chlorphenamine
oxytocin
Pheniramine
oxytocin
CRH1 Antagonists
oxytocin
Antalarmin
oxytocin
CP-154,526
oxytocin
Pexacerfont
oxytocin
Pivagabine
oxytocin
NK2
oxytocin
Antagonists
oxytocin
GR-159,897
oxytocin
Saredutant
oxytocin
Ibodutant
oxytocin
MCH1 antagonists
oxytocin
ATC-0175
oxytocin
SNAP-94847
oxytocin
mGluR2
oxytocin
/3
oxytocin
Agonists
oxytocin
Biphenylindanone A
oxytocin
DCG-IV
oxytocin
Eglumegad
oxytocin
HYDIA
oxytocin
LY-379,268
oxytocin
LY-404,039
oxytocin
mGluR5
oxytocin
NAMs
oxytocin
Fenobam
oxytocin
GRN-529
oxytocin
MPEP
oxytocin
MTEP
oxytocin
TSPO agonists
oxytocin
DAA-1097
oxytocin
DAA-1106
oxytocin
Emapunil
oxytocin
FGIN-127
oxytocin
FGIN-143
oxytocin
σ1 agonists
oxytocin
Afobazole
oxytocin
BD1031
oxytocin
BD1052
oxytocin
L-687,384
oxytocin
Opipramol
oxytocin
Pentoxyverine
oxytocin
PRE-084
oxytocin
SA-4503
oxytocin
4-PPBP
oxytocin
Antidepressants
oxytocin
Clomipramine
oxytocin
Duloxetine
oxytocin
Escitalopram
oxytocin
Fluoxetine
oxytocin
Fluvoxamine
oxytocin
Imipramine
oxytocin
Lofepramine
oxytocin
Maprotiline
oxytocin
Moclobemide
oxytocin
Nefazodone
oxytocin
Paroxetine
oxytocin
Phenelzine
oxytocin
Sertraline
oxytocin
Venlafaxine
oxytocin
Others Benzoctamine
oxytocin
Cannabidiol
oxytocin
Carbetocin
oxytocin
Clozapine
oxytocin
Cycloserine
oxytocin
Demoxytocin
oxytocin
Emoxypine
oxytocin
Kava
oxytocin
Mephenoxalone
oxytocin
Mepiprazole
oxytocin
Oxanamide
oxytocin
oxytocin Periciazine
oxytocin
Promoxolane
oxytocin
Quetiapine
oxytocin
Risperidone
oxytocin
Tofisopam
oxytocin
Tramadol
oxytocin
Trimetozine
oxytocin
Valproate
oxytocin
WAY-267,464
oxytocin
#WHO-EM
oxytocin
Withdrawn
oxytocin
from trade Clinical trials
oxytocin
: †Phase III
oxytocin
§Never to phasing III
oxytocin

mepr
oxytocin

proc , medicate
v
oxytocin
t
oxytocin
e
oxytocin
Uterotonics
oxytocin
/labor inducers
oxytocin
/oxytocics
oxytocin
Cervical ripening
oxytocin
Ergot alkaloids
oxytocin
Ergometrine
oxytocin
# Methylergometrine
oxytocin
Prostaglandins
oxytocin
and analogues
oxytocin
E: Misoprostol/E1
oxytocin
# Gemeprost/E1
oxytocin
Dinoprostone/E2
oxytocin
Sulprostone/E2
oxytocin
F: Dinoprost/F2α
oxytocin
Carboprost/F2α
oxytocin
Contraction induction
oxytocin
oxytocin# Carbetocin
oxytocin
Demoxytocin
oxytocin
WAY-267,464
oxytocin
#WHO-EM
oxytocin
Withdrawn
oxytocin
from trade Clinical trials
oxytocin
: †Phase III
oxytocin
§Never to phasing III
oxytocin

phys
oxytocin
/devp
oxytocin
/memb
oxytocin

proc
oxytocin
, medicate
v
oxytocin
t
oxytocin
e
oxytocin
Hypothalamic-pituitary hormones
oxytocin
and analogues Hypothalamic
oxytocin
GNRH
oxytocin
Agonists: Gonadorelin
oxytocin
Nafarelin
oxytocin
Histrelin
oxytocin
Antagonists
oxytocin
: Cetrorelix
oxytocin
Ganirelix
oxytocin
Somatostatin
oxytocin
Agonists: Lanreotide
oxytocin
Octreotide
oxytocin
Pasireotide
oxytocin
Vapreotide
oxytocin
Anterior pituitary
oxytocin
ACTH
oxytocin
Agonists: Corticotropin
oxytocin
Cosyntropin
oxytocin
Tetracosactide
oxytocin
GH
oxytocin
Agonists: IGF-1
oxytocin
Sermorelin
oxytocin
Somatrem
oxytocin
Tesamorelin
oxytocin
Antagonists: Pegvisomant
oxytocin
TSH
oxytocin
Agonists: Thyrotropin
oxytocin
Posterior pituitary
oxytocin
oxytocin Agonists: Carbetocin
oxytocin
Demoxytocin
oxytocin
Antagonists: Atosiban
oxytocin
Vasopressin
oxytocin
Agonists
oxytocin
: Argipressin
oxytocin
Desmopressin
oxytocin
Felypressin
oxytocin
Lypressin
oxytocin
Ornipressin
oxytocin
Terlipressin
oxytocin
Antagonists
oxytocin
: Conivaptan
oxytocin
Demeclocycline
oxytocin
Lixivaptan
oxytocin
Mozavaptan
oxytocin
Nelivaptan
oxytocin
Relcovaptan
oxytocin
Satavaptan
oxytocin
Tolvaptan
oxytocin

anat
oxytocin
/phys
oxytocin
/devp
oxytocin
/horm
oxytocin

proc
oxytocin
, drug
oxytocin

v
oxytocin
t
oxytocin
e
oxytocin
Neuropeptidergics
oxytocin
Cholecystokinin
oxytocin
CCKA
oxytocin
Agonists: Cholecystokinin
oxytocin
CCK-4
oxytocin
Antagonists: Asperlicin
oxytocin
Proglumide
oxytocin
Lorglumide
oxytocin
Devazepide
oxytocin
Dexloxiglumide
oxytocin
CCKB
oxytocin
Agonists: Cholecystokinin
oxytocin
CCK-4
oxytocin
Gastrin
oxytocin
Antagonists: Proglumide
oxytocin
CI-988
oxytocin
CRH
oxytocin
CRF1
oxytocin
Agonists: Corticotropin let go of hormone
oxytocin
Antagonists: Antalarmin
oxytocin
CP-154,526
oxytocin
Pexacerfont
oxytocin
CRF2
oxytocin
Agonists: Corticotropin let go of hormone
oxytocin
Galanin
oxytocin
GAL1
oxytocin
Agonists: Galanin
oxytocin
Galanin-like peptide
oxytocin
Galmic
oxytocin
Galnon
oxytocin
GAL2
oxytocin
Agonists: Galanin
oxytocin
Galanin-like peptide
oxytocin
Galmic
oxytocin
Galnon
oxytocin
GAL3
oxytocin
Agonists: Galanin
oxytocin
Galmic
oxytocin
Galnon
oxytocin
Ghrelin
oxytocin
Agonists: Ghrelin
oxytocin
Capromorelin
oxytocin
MK-677
oxytocin
Sermorelin
oxytocin
SM-130,686
oxytocin
Tabimorelin
oxytocin
GnRH
oxytocin
Agonists: Buserelin
oxytocin
Deslorelin
oxytocin
GnRH
oxytocin
Goserelin
oxytocin
Histrelin
oxytocin
Leuprorelin
oxytocin
Nafarelin
oxytocin
Triptorelin
oxytocin
Antagonists: Abarelix
oxytocin
Cetrorelix
oxytocin
Degarelix
oxytocin
Ganirelix
oxytocin
MCH
oxytocin
MCH1
oxytocin
Agonists: Melanin change state hormone
oxytocin
Antagonists: ATC-0175
oxytocin
GW-803,430
oxytocin
NGD-4715
oxytocin
SNAP-7941
oxytocin
SNAP-94847
oxytocin
MCH2
oxytocin
Agonists: Melanin change state hormone
oxytocin
Melanocortin
oxytocin
MC1
oxytocin
Agonists: alpha-MSH
oxytocin
Afamelanotide
oxytocin
BMS-470,539
oxytocin
Bremelanotide
oxytocin
Melanotan II
oxytocin
Antagonists: Agouti network peptide
oxytocin
MC2
oxytocin
Agonists: ACTH
oxytocin
Cosyntropin
oxytocin
Tetracosactide
oxytocin
MC3
oxytocin
Agonists: alpha-MSH
oxytocin
Bremelanotide
oxytocin
Melanotan II
oxytocin
MC4
oxytocin
Agonists: alpha-MSH
oxytocin
Bremelanotide
oxytocin
Melanotan II
oxytocin
PF-00446687
oxytocin
THIQ
oxytocin
Antagonists: Agouti-related peptide
oxytocin
MC5
oxytocin
Agonists: alpha-MSH
oxytocin
Melanotan II
oxytocin
Neuropeptide S
oxytocin
Agonists: Neuropeptide S
oxytocin
Antagonists: SHA-68
oxytocin
Neuropeptide Y
oxytocin
Y1
oxytocin
Agonists: Neuropeptide Y
oxytocin
Peptide YY
oxytocin
Antagonists: BIBP-3226
oxytocin
Y2
oxytocin
Agonists: Neuropeptide Y
oxytocin
Peptide YY
oxytocin
Antagonists: BIIE-0246
oxytocin
Y4
oxytocin
Agonists: Neuropeptide Y
oxytocin
Pancreatic polypeptide
oxytocin
Peptide YY
oxytocin
Antagonists: UR-AK49
oxytocin
Y5
oxytocin
Agonists: Neuropeptide Y
oxytocin
Peptide YY
oxytocin
Antagonists: Lu AA-33810
oxytocin
Neurotensin
oxytocin
NTS1
oxytocin
Agonists: Neurotensin
oxytocin
Neuromedin N
oxytocin
Antagonists: SR-48692
oxytocin
SR-142,948
oxytocin
NTS2
oxytocin
Agonists: Neurotensin
oxytocin
Antagonists: Levocabastine
oxytocin
SR-142,948
oxytocin
Orexin
oxytocin
OX1
oxytocin
Agonists: Orexin-A
oxytocin
Antagonists: Almorexant
oxytocin
SB-334,867
oxytocin
SB-408,124
oxytocin
SB-649,868
oxytocin
Suvorexant
oxytocin
OX2
oxytocin
Agonists: Orexin-A
oxytocin
Antagonists: Almorexant
oxytocin
SB-649,868
oxytocin
Suvorexant
oxytocin
TCS-OX2-29
oxytocin
oxytocin
oxytocin
Agonists: Carbetocin
oxytocin
Demoxytocin
oxytocin
oxytocin WAY-267,464
oxytocin
Antagonists: Atosiban
oxytocin
Epelsiban
oxytocin
L-371,257
oxytocin
L-368,899
oxytocin
Retosiban
oxytocin
Tachykinin
oxytocin
NK1
oxytocin
Agonists: Substance P
oxytocin
Antagonists: Aprepitant
oxytocin
Befetupitant
oxytocin
Casopitant
oxytocin
CI-1021
oxytocin
CP-96,345
oxytocin
CP-99,994
oxytocin
CP-122,721
oxytocin
Dapitant
oxytocin
Ezlopitant
oxytocin
FK-888
oxytocin
Fosaprepitant
oxytocin
GR-203,040
oxytocin
GW-597,599
oxytocin
HSP-117
oxytocin
L-733,060
oxytocin
L-741,671
oxytocin
L-743,310
oxytocin
L-758,298
oxytocin
Lanepitant
oxytocin
LY-306,740
oxytocin
Maropitant
oxytocin
Netupitant
oxytocin
NKP-608
oxytocin
Nolpitantium
oxytocin
Orvepitant
oxytocin
RP-67,580
oxytocin
SDZ NKT 343
oxytocin
Vestipitant
oxytocin
Vofopitant
oxytocin
NK2
oxytocin
Agonists: Neurokinin A
oxytocin
Antagonists: GR-159,897
oxytocin
Ibodutant
oxytocin
Saredutant
oxytocin
NK3
oxytocin
Agonists: Neurokinin B
oxytocin
Antagonists: Osanetant
oxytocin
Talnetant
oxytocin
Vasopressin
oxytocin
V1A
oxytocin
Agonists: Desmopressin
oxytocin
Felypressin
oxytocin
Ornipressin
oxytocin
Terlipressin
oxytocin
Vasopressin
oxytocin
Antagonists: Conivaptan
oxytocin
Demeclocycline
oxytocin
Relcovaptan
oxytocin
V1B
oxytocin
Agonists: Felypressin
oxytocin
Ornipressin
oxytocin
Terlipressin
oxytocin
Vasopressin
oxytocin
Antagonists: Demeclocycline
oxytocin
Nelivaptan
oxytocin
V2
oxytocin
Agonists: Desmopressin
oxytocin
Ornipressin
oxytocin
Vasopressin
oxytocin
Antagonists: Conivaptan
oxytocin
Demeclocycline
oxytocin
Lixivaptan
oxytocin
Mozavaptan
oxytocin
Satavaptan
oxytocin
Tolvaptan
oxytocin
v
oxytocin
t
oxytocin
e
oxytocin
Peptides
oxytocin
: neuropeptides
oxytocin
Hormones see hormones
oxytocin
Opioid peptides
oxytocin
Dynorphin
oxytocin
Big dynorphin
oxytocin
Dynorphin A
oxytocin
Dynorphin B
oxytocin
Endorphins
oxytocin
Beta-endorphin
oxytocin
Alpha-endorphin
oxytocin
Gamma-endorphin
oxytocin
α-neo-endorphin
oxytocin
β-neo-endorphin
oxytocin
Enkephalin
oxytocin
Met-enkephalin
oxytocin
Leu-enkephalin
oxytocin
Others Adrenorphin
oxytocin
Amidorphin
oxytocin
Leumorphin
oxytocin
Nociceptin
oxytocin
Opiorphin
oxytocin
Spinorphin
oxytocin
variant neuropeptides Kinins
oxytocin
Bradykinin
oxytocin
Tachykinins
oxytocin
: mammal Substance P
oxytocin
Neurokinin A
oxytocin
Neurokinin B
oxytocin
amphibious Kassinin
oxytocin
Physalaemin
oxytocin
Neuromedins B
oxytocin
N
oxytocin
S
oxytocin
U
oxytocin
variant Angiotensin
oxytocin
Bombesin
oxytocin
Calcitonin gene-related peptide
oxytocin
Carnosine
oxytocin
Cocaine and amphetamine change transcript
oxytocin
Delta sleep-inducing peptide
oxytocin
FMRFamide
oxytocin
Galanin
oxytocin
Galanin-like peptide
oxytocin
Gastrin let go of peptide
oxytocin
Neuropeptide S
oxytocin
Neuropeptide Y
oxytocin
Neurophysins
oxytocin
Neurotensin
oxytocin
Pancreatic polypeptide
oxytocin
Pituitary adenylate cyclase initiate peptide
oxytocin
RVD-Hpα
oxytocin
VGF
oxytocin
B
oxytocin
trdu
oxytocin
: iter
oxytocin
, csrc
oxytocin
, itra
oxytocin
, calc
oxytocin
, lipd
oxytocin
; path v
oxytocin
t
oxytocin
e
oxytocin
Neurotransmitters
oxytocin
Amino acids
oxytocin
Alanine
oxytocin
Aspartate
oxytocin
Cycloserine
oxytocin
DMG
oxytocin
GABA
oxytocin
Glutamate
oxytocin
Glycine
oxytocin
Hypotaurine
oxytocin
Kynurenic harsh
oxytocin
NAAG
oxytocin
NMG
oxytocin
Serine
oxytocin
Taurine
oxytocin
TMG
oxytocin
Endocannabinoids
oxytocin
2-AG
oxytocin
2-AGE
oxytocin
AEA
oxytocin
NADA
oxytocin
OAE
oxytocin
Oleamide
oxytocin
PEA
oxytocin
RVD-Hpα
oxytocin
Hp
oxytocin
Gasotransmitters
oxytocin
Carbon monoxide
oxytocin
Hydrogen sulfide
oxytocin
Nitric oxide
oxytocin
Nitrous oxide
oxytocin
Monoamines
oxytocin

M
oxytocin
: PNS
oxytocin

noco
oxytocin
/auto
oxytocin
/cong
oxytocin
/tumr
oxytocin
, sysi
oxytocin
/epon
oxytocin
, injr
oxytocin

M
oxytocin
: OBS
oxytocin

mthr
oxytocin
/fetu
oxytocin
/infc
oxytocin
, epon
oxytocin

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