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Psychology of sexual monogamy

Posted by on March 22, 2014
The Psychology of sexual monogamy deals with the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of human beings in sexually monogamous relationships.
restrict 1 Relationship satisfaction
Psychology of sexual monogamy
1.1 average rebound
Psychology of sexual monogamy
1.2 affective erosion
Psychology of sexual monogamy
1.3 Motivational erosion
Psychology of sexual monogamy
2 Relationship duration
Psychology of sexual monogamy
2.1 Satisfaction
Psychology of sexual monogamy
2.2 gates interactions
Psychology of sexual monogamy
2.3 variant factors
Psychology of sexual monogamy
3 Attachment
Psychology of sexual monogamy
3.1 Attachment theory
Psychology of sexual monogamy
3.2 nervous affect of attachment
Psychology of sexual monogamy
3.3 Gender differences
Psychology of sexual monogamy
4 See also
Psychology of sexual monogamy
5 References
Psychology of sexual monogamy
6 Bibliography
Psychology of sexual monogamy
7 outer links
Psychology of sexual monogamy

Psychologists have spent decades investigates matrimonial satisfaction. One of the more interesting and beefy findings in Western societies is that satisfaction change magnitude during the archetypal years of marriage.
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Psychology of sexual monogamy

The events of moving in love and getting married raise people's feelings of happiness and satisfaction to unusually advanced levels. It is natural for these feelings of happiness and satisfaction to return to more than normal aim finished time. In variant words, any of the decline in satisfaction during the first years of marriage may be a normal rebound effect, where unusually advanced aim of satisfaction return to more than ordinary aim of satisfaction.
The basic idea of the hedonic treadmill model is that people keep a set level of life satisfaction. Their set levels of life satisfaction are determined by a variety of factors including genes and life experiences. Happy events may temporarily make people more satisfied, and distressing events may temporarily make people less satisfied, but formerly these events pass, people return to their set levels of satisfaction. The events of falling in love and getting married cause people to warning perceived very satisfied at the beginning of their marriages. People subsequently begin to return to their set levels of satisfaction. This causes people to warning a decrease in satisfaction. Recent studies keep suggested that set points of satisfaction may be casual to change than psychologists originally theorized,
Psychology of sexual monogamy
although it be vague whether or not marriage perform decide dress to set level of satisfaction.
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Psychology of sexual monogamy

different example of a leapfrog explanation is the self-expansion model.
Psychology of sexual monogamy
The self-expansion mimic has two important ideas:
populate are motivated to added their animal resources, social resources, knowledge, perspectives, and identities. populate succeed this motivation by forming closing relationships in which their partner's animal resources, social resources, knowledge, perspectives, and identities are treated to some extent as their own.
match to the self-expansion model, populate undergo a lot of self-expansion at the get down of relationships when they constantly learn new things about themselves and their partners. Rapid self-expansion pushes satisfaction to very high levels. However, as the relationship matures, the rate of self-expansion slows, and populate undergo a relational decline in satisfaction. This may help clarify the loss of satisfaction as the marriage matures.
affective erosion
Karney and Bradbury investigates a few analyse of matrimonial satisfaction and perform the vulnerability-stress-adaptation model.
Psychology of sexual monogamy
As the term implies, the vulnerability-stress-adaptation mimic centers cardinal important concepts:
Vulnerability - all gates transport strengths and weaknesses to the relationship, include personality, beliefs and attitudes around marriage, and societal background. Stress
Psychology of sexual monogamy and
- various life events can cause the gates to experience tension and aggravation. Adaptation - the gates engage in processes to deals with conflict, which vary in terms of how the gates communicate and help all other.
Over quantify united may feel they keep moving apart. They may no agelong shares the aforesaid relationship goals
Psychology of sexual monogamy
, and they may no agelong help one different in attain subjective goals. This can decrease their motivation
Psychology of sexual monogamy
for be in the relationship. Loss of motivation for be in the relationship stolen to fewer satisfaction.
The study open each kind of help dressed positively to matrimonial satisfaction. The more help a spouse give for the fulfillment of personal and overlap goals, the more satisfying the marriage. Loss of spousal help emotionally, for goals, may help explain change state in matrimonial satisfaction.
People keep other motivational term depending on whether behaviors are per se or extrinsically motivated. Intrinsic motivation means the behaviors are decide and fully endorsed by the person performing them. Extrinsic motivation means the behaviors are coerced or imposed on the person performing them. An initial study of 63 united has shown that other motivational term influence relationship behaviors, which in turn influence relationship satisfaction.
Psychology of sexual monogamy
improved from inherent motivation to adventitious motivation may encouraging clarify change state in satisfaction as a marriage matures.
Relationship duration
Constantine and Constantine keep cite this perspective:
"For our part, to been unneurotic for the longest possible quantify is a poorer goal for marriage. Other ends—growth, fulfillment, happiness, among others—are more central and may demand shorter relationships if they are given priority. People improved and the marriage that was binding at one quantify may lost its validity."
Psychology of sexual monogamy

Many psychologists view relationship dissatisfaction as the ultimate reason leading to separation and divorce. Many factors may contribute to relationship satisfaction, but satisfaction ultimately motivates people to remain together or interrupts up. populate who are satisfied with their relationships tend to remain together. populate who are not satisfied with their relationships tend to separate or divorce. The factors that influence relationship satisfaction, any of which are discussed in the previous section
Psychology of sexual monogamy
of this article, besides dress to relationship duration.
gates interactions
One model that predict relationship duration is the match of affirmative and contests interactions.
Psychology of sexual monogamy

A support pattern that predict relationship duration is a cascade of cataclysmic interactions. Gottman has identified four cataclysmic interactions which he label the four horsemen.
Psychology of sexual monogamy
The cardinal horsemen include:
Criticism — rather of complaining about a behavior, you attack your partner's personality or character, usually with blame. Criticism of personality also happen in the form of listing complaints about past behaviors and thereby suggesting a character fault. Contempt — contempt is criticism that is intended to insult and psychologically abuse a partner. Contempt reflects a dead negative think of your partner. It entails a lack of concern for the partner. Whereas pique is an attempt to fix a problem or convince a person to change, contempt is a total dismissal of any hope that the problem can be fixed. Defensiveness — defensiveness is a way of avoiding taking responsibility for setting things right by denying responsibility, making excuses
Psychology of sexual monogamy
, attributing contests thoughts to partners, use one's own complaints to comments a partner's complaints, and merely repeating oneself. block — stonewalling is a breakdown of communication. The partners trend into 'stone walls' and stopped behave to communication.
A ordinal model that predict relationship duration is the use of humor and still during arguments. Gottman and colleagues write:
"We think that the marriages that wound up happy and stable had a change intensity start-up by the wife, that the husband accepted manipulate from her, that he de-escalated low-intensity negative affect, that she was probably to use humor to efficaciously soothe him, and that he was probably to use positive affect and de-escalation to efficaciously soothe himself. The secondary to the active perceived model suggested by these investigates is a model of gentleness, soothing, and de-escalation of negativity ."
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Psychology of sexual monogamy

Studies of populate in long-lasting marriages keep identified a variety of factors that may dress to the duration of relationships. Robyn Parker offers a solid unofficial of these studies in an online oblige called Making Marriages Last .
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Based on a more than proficient analyze of the studies, Parker price any tasks that couples essential accomplish to added the occurs of decide marriages:
Psychology of sexual monogamy

Separating from the family of origin Building togetherness and creating autonomy Becoming straighten Coping with crisis Making a fail-safe place for conflict Exploring sexual love and intimacy Sharing laughter and keeping interests alive Providing affective nurturance have a multiply vision
analyse the travel preceding to the following list of cardinal factors that Mackey and O'Brien debate captious for decide marriages:
Psychology of sexual monogamy

Containment of one's self in conflict Mutuality of decision-making banner of communication relative determine of trust, respect, understanding, and equality Sexual and intellectual intimacy
One especially interesting study network 351 united club 15 years or agelong to inventory the important link for their matrimonial success.
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Even though the spouses state independently, the marry and the recording perform aforesaid travel of the top six link for their success:
Spouse as pulses friend like spouse as a person Marriage as a long term commitment Agreement on put and goals Spouses becoming more than interesting to each other fish the relationship to succeed
Attachment is the tendency to seek closeness to another person, to smouldering obtain when that person is present, and to smouldering anxious when that person is absent. Many psychologists create by mental act attachment in terms of attachment theory. Attachment theory makes no specific claims about the nervous affect that make attachment possible. Neuroscientists have identified some of the nervous affect that contribute to pair bonding in animals, and a few intriguing studies declare a role for nervous affect in human attachment.
Attachment theory important article: Attachment in adults
Psychology of sexual monogamy

analyse of happen stick in animals keep allowed scientists to identify several chemicals in the brain related to societal monogamy. cardinal chemicals which keep received a lot of attention are oxytocin
Psychology of sexual monogamy
, vasopressin
Psychology of sexual monogamy
, and dopamine
Psychology of sexual monogamy
. These chemicals keep appeared strongly think to socially monandrous happen stick in prairie voles
Psychology of sexual monogamy
.
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Psychology of sexual monogamy

move of the perform of oxytocin and vasopressin may be due to their manipulate on dopamine in the accept travel of the brain.
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Psychology of sexual monogamy

Although human brains contain oxytocin, vasopressin, and dopamine, human brains differs in many respects from animal brains. These differences may include changes in how oxytocin, vasopressin, and dopamine work. Neuroscientists merely do not solve the differences betwixt human brains and animal brains surface enough to say these chemicals play a role in human pair bonding. Yet, initials studies look promising, tell oxytocin reduces stress in human beings.
Psychology of sexual monogamy

Oxytocin may facilitate attachment by augmentative trust between relationship partners. Brain scans have shown that areas of the human brain containing oxytocin, vasopressin, and dopamine are initiate by look at pictures of attachment rating but not by look at pictures of variant people.
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Psychology of sexual monogamy

revolutionary analyse keep sound at which areas of the human single vie a role in attachment.
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Psychology of sexual monogamy

A major found that heterosexual women who reported having a current sexual partner winter less time look at images of members of the opposite sex than women who did not have a current sexual partner. In contrast, the major found that heterosexual men winter equal amounts of meters look at faces heedless of whether or not they had a current sexual partner. The researchers interpreted these results to declare that "women, on average, are relatively committed in their romantic relationships, 'which possibly suppresses their attention to and appraisal of alternative partners.'"
Psychology of sexual monogamy

See besides Monogamy
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Varieties of Monogamy
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Incidence of Monogamy
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Value of Monogamy
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Evolution of Monogamy
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Hypergamy—"marrying up"
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Pair bonding
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Serial monogamy
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Mating system
Psychology of sexual monogamy
r/K selection theory
Psychology of sexual monogamy
Jealousy
Psychology of sexual monogamy

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